OUR TECHNOLOGY

The energy landscape of tomorrow

The Compact Molten Salt Reactor will complement other sustainable energy sources

The introduction of intermittent renewables into our electricity grids is causing a shift away from centralised networks based around high-emission power plants to a distributed grid of variable renewables. 

For this new model to be sustainable, variable energy sources like wind and solar need to be complemented with stable sources such as nuclear energy.

Small modular reactors, like the CMSR, can produce energy where and when it is needed, supporting variable renewables on windless, cloudy days. 

Today

Tomorrow

Project timeline

Our path to commercialization

Initial modeling

2015

Design, demonstra tion & licensing

Full-scale prototype

2020

2025

2027

Commercial reactors

A versatile energy source

Providing electricity is just one of many capabilities of the CMSR

High-temperature process applications

Electricity

production

Seawater

desalination

District

heating

The CMSR

in operation

As a power plant, the CMSR will be able to deliver electricity, clean water and heating/cooling to around 200,000 households.

Additionally, the outlet temperature of the reactor is high enough to efficiently produce carbon-neutral hydrogen, synthetic fuels and fertilizers. 

This means that the CMSR is more than a power plant and can make an important contribution to the transition towards a prosperous and emission-free society.

Sustainable technology

We are designing the CMSR to be one of the most sustainable sources of energy in the world

1

ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY

The CMSR has excellent market fit, low upfront costs and fast deployment time. This drastically reduces financial risk and out-competes fossil fuels on free market terms.

2

SOCIAL

SUSTAINABILITY

In order to achieve a sustainable society, the world needs reliable and abundant energy sources that will function in both existing and emergent energy infrastructures.

3

ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

The CMSR emits no  greenhouse gases while operating and has the lowest resource use of any energy technology.  ​

MATERIALS USED TO GENERATE ONE TWh OF ENERGY

The total resource consumption of the CMSR is extremely low, making it one of the world's most sustainable sources of energy.  

Solar PV

14,920

tonnes

Hydro

12,760

tonnes

Wind

9,310

tonnes

Conventional

nuclear

840

tonnes

The CMSR

(estimated)

250

tonnes

Concrete

Glass

Steel

Other (incl. fuel)

What about

safety and waste?

Addressing the elephant in the room

In the CMSR, the fuel is mixed into a molten fluoride salt which also acts as the coolant. This provides significant safety benefits.

If the fuel salt should ever come into contact with the atmosphere, it will simply cool down and turn into solid rock, containing all the radioactive material within itself.

The reactor will operate at near-atmospheric pressures and cannot overheat thanks to a frozen salt plug that melts and drains the core to cooled tanks before damage can occur.

The uranium fluoride used in the liquid fuel salt is an intermediate in the existing nuclear fuel supply chain.

The simplified liquid fuel will enable non-conventional fuels to be used in future generations of the CMSR, including waste fuel from existing nuclear reactors.

This turns long-lived waste into low-carbon energy and short-lived waste, like that from hospitals.

WE CAN BURN SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL TO REDUCE EXISTING LONG-LIVED WASTE AND MAKE ENERGY. 

Energy

Long-lived waste

Long-lived waste

Short-lived waste

The CMSR core

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